Royal flag of France before the Revolution
European History

The French Society Before the Revolution

April 24, 2022

Public executions were not uncommon in Paris during the 18th century. By the end of 1792, an estimated 17,000 French citizens met their ends in violent and public fashion. […]

Charlemagne
European History

Charlemagne Unifies Europe in New Series

March 28, 2022

Charlemagne was the first Holy Roman Emperor, beginning in 800 CE. During, and since, his reign, his image has been molded and remolded to fit the causes of countless modern rulers. He also had superb management skills. […]

A painting of Charlemagne and Widukind
Content Spotlight

Charlemagne’s Wars: Successes and Failures

March 28, 2022

The Saxon wars were considered by some as Charlemagne’s greatest military campaign. Such a long military campaign showcased Charlemagne’s resilience and persistence. However, not all of his wars were so successful. […]

Statue of Charles, Rome, Italy
Content Spotlight

How Charlemagne Became the Sole King of the Franks

March 28, 2022

After his father died, Charlemagne had to share the kingdom of the Franks with his brother. But after his brother’s sudden death, everything was ready for him to take the whole kingdom for himself. […]

Statue of Charlemagne against the blue sky
Content Spotlight

The Frankish Kingdom Before the Birth of Charlemagne

March 28, 2022

Charlemagne became a symbol of European identity and unity after his imperial coronation. However, before his birth, the Frankish territory was in a state of constant flux because of Frankish system of succession. […]

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