French troops in the Battle of Marengo.
History

The Influence of the French Revolution on European History

August 3, 2020

The French revolutionaries had done something new in military terms. The French armies that were sent into the field were the largest seen in Europe until that time. They were actively motivated by patriotic ideology, not just passive obedience to kings or princes, as in the past. […]

Detail of painting showing a guillotine, with a cart of people, including Robespierre, at the foot of the structure, awaiting execution.
History

The First Republic: From the Reign of Terror to Napoleon

August 3, 2020

The Reign of Terror began with aristocrats and enemies of the new republic being guillotined. Within ten months, however, the very leaders of the Terror, including Robespierre himself, were sent to the guillotine themselves. With the end of the new republic, France saw the rise of the new dictator—Napoleon Bonaparte. […]

The acropolis lit up by sunlight, with other areas visible below.
Greek History

An Athenian Juror at the Trial of Socrates

August 2, 2020

The trial of Socrates showed loopholes in the democratic fabric of the Greek society. The Athenian jury condemned the great philosopher to death because he questioned the rigid structures of the day. […]

The fortress of Masyaf
History

Hassan-e Sabbah, the Grand Master of Islamic Assassins

July 30, 2020

Hassan-e Sabbah, the founder and grand master of the Islamic Assassins, had exceptional powers that helped him expand his territory similar to an empire. He had received especial training in Egypt to carry out a secret mission. […]

Ismail lion calligram
History

The Origins of the Islamic Assassins

July 30, 2020

The Islamic Assassins was a secret society of assassins with its roots as far back as the early years of Islam. The schisms that were created in Islam were the true motivators of the creation of this secret society. […]

Siege of Alamut 1213–1214, depicted in the Jami' al-tawarikh by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Département des Manuscrits, Division Orientale.
History

Islamic Assassins: Their Allies, Enemies, and Fate

July 30, 2020

The order of Islamic Assassins, under the leadership of their grand master, Hassan-Sabbah, had a widespread reach over the Islamic world and beyond. They had allies with shared enemies that even after Sabbah’s death, continued to work together and carry on conspiracies. However, their fate was determined by a new player in the game. […]

The monument to comrade Lenin on Lenin square in the city the revolution of Saint Petersburg on a Sunny day
History

Events Leading to the Russian Revolution After Lenin Returned

July 30, 2020

It is April 1917, and Vladimir Lenin is back from exile. A lot of efforts have been made to topple the Provisional Government. Lenin is getting ready to carry out the revolution. The next seven months prove decisive in changing the fate of the country and the world. […]

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