Coronation of Philip II Augustus of France.
European History

The Reign of Philip II Augustus in France

November 13, 2020

Philip II Augustus’s reign changed the destiny of France in the High Middle Ages. He defeated an allied attack on France, scared away the English, confiscated Normandy and Brittany, and made his name as a great French king. […]

Medieval king with his queen and knights on guard.
European History

Capetian Dynasty and the End of Civil Wars in France

November 13, 2020

Getting the throne was equal to civil wars in France. Every time a king died, the potential kings would fight over the throne until one got it. The Capetians, on the other hand, created a system that minimized the number of civil wars. […]

A series of kings of France. Ludovic IX the Holy King of France, representative of the Capetian Dynasty.
European History

The Capetian Dynasty in the Medieval France

November 12, 2020

When the Capetian Dynasty began to rule, the Carolingian Dynasty had lost France’s unity to the Viking raiders, Magyar raiders, and Arab raiders. Capetian kings had to put back the fragmented France together and bring the upper ranks of the French aristocracy under their control again. […]

Attila riding a pale horse.
Ancient History

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire: Alaric and Attila

November 12, 2020

Alaric’s sack of Rome was a big blow for the Roman Empire. It showed the weakness of the Western Roman Empire and gave an opportunity to the numerous barbarian tribes to carve out their own territories in the Roman provinces. This was the beginning of the downfall of the Western Roman Empire. […]

The Huns attack the Alans.
Ancient History

The Goths and the Huns: The Barbarian Pressure on Rome

November 12, 2020

The ‘barbarians’, including Goths and Huns, were not one unified society or civilization, but were instead dozens of separate tribes. During the 4th century AD, the Huns began to migrate westward. It was this steady migration that later had disastrous consequences for the Roman Empire. […]

The bronze statue of John Marshall located in John Marshall Place Park with the United States Supreme Court building in the background in Washington DC.
American History

John Marshall and His Influence on the Judiciary

November 11, 2020

On February 24, 1803, John Marshall handed down the first ruling as the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. Marshall’s ruling left Thomas Jefferson and James Madison unhappy, but paved a way for making the federal court powerful. […]

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