upper limbs bone
Science

The Skeleton: Roles and Functions

November 22, 2022

The skeleton of an organism is not just a protective covering for the soft tissues and muscles. Besides facilitating movement, the bones also serve as a storehouse of minerals. […]

concept of subatomic particles
Science

The Discovery of New Particles: Baryons and Quarks

November 21, 2022

With scientists continuously pushing themselves to widen their horizons of knowledge, newer particles were also discovered. The fundamental forces of nature, baryons, and quarks are some of the other concepts that were devised to understand the microcosm. […]

illustration of an atom
Science

The Discovery of Proton and Neutron

November 21, 2022

Even after Rutherford’s discovery of atomic nucleus, the structure felt incomplete until he discovered the protons. With the mass still not adding up, James Chadwick experimented and succeeded in discovering the neutrons. […]

elementary particles of an atom
Science

How the Nucleus of an Atom Was Discovered

November 21, 2022

While J. J. Thomson is hailed for his discovery of electrons, his student Ernest Rutherford holds the credit for another major discovery: the nucleus. His findings shed light not only on the structure of the atom, but also their size and volume. […]

Diagram representation of Kepler's laws
Astronomy

The Physics behind Kepler’s Laws

November 20, 2022

Kepler’s laws of planetary motion are not really laws of physics. To understand the reason behind these laws, we need to consider Newton’s law of motion. […]

Diagram showing Kepler's second law of planetary motion
Astronomy

Kepler’s Second and Third Laws

November 20, 2022

Kepler’s second and third laws are about how fast the planets move and about the time required to go around the orbit, respectively. His third law helps measure the mass of everything in astrophysics. […]

An image of Cepheid type stars in a spiral galaxy.
Astronomy

Cepheid variables: The Powerful Beacons

November 18, 2022

Edwin Hubble was able to calculate the distance at which Andromeda nebula is situated using the Cepheids in it. He was able to do so owing to its angular size of a few degrees corresponds to a true size comparable to that of the Milky Way. […]

An image of a spiral galaxy.
Astronomy

The Astronomical System of Units

November 18, 2022

Although while measuring distances between astronomical objects, one can use the unit arcseconds, however, parsec is more preferred as it happens to have the same order of magnitude as the light-year. […]

An image of interstellar space.
Astronomy

How Is the Solar System Mapped?

November 18, 2022

Radio transmitters help us when it comes to calculating and mapping nearby objects in our solar system. To map objects far off in our solar system the parallax equation is used. […]

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