Attila riding a pale horse.
Ancient History

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire: Alaric and Attila

November 12, 2020

Alaric’s sack of Rome was a big blow for the Roman Empire. It showed the weakness of the Western Roman Empire and gave an opportunity to the numerous barbarian tribes to carve out their own territories in the Roman provinces. This was the beginning of the downfall of the Western Roman Empire. […]

The Huns attack the Alans.
Ancient History

The Goths and the Huns: The Barbarian Pressure on Rome

November 12, 2020

The ‘barbarians’, including Goths and Huns, were not one unified society or civilization, but were instead dozens of separate tribes. During the 4th century AD, the Huns began to migrate westward. It was this steady migration that later had disastrous consequences for the Roman Empire. […]

Cenotaph shows Roman soldier Marcus Caelius.
European History

How Did a Legion of the Roman Army Function?

November 4, 2020

Legions were effectively controlled by mid-ranking officers called centurions, who had the power to personally punish soldiers. Punishment for failure was harsh in the legions. […]

This artifact depicts a Roman officer in the center.
European History

The Roman Army: Its Evolution and Growth

November 3, 2020

Soldiers for the Roman army were recruited from all ends of the Empire. One of these soldiers was Apion. It is from Apion’s letters to his family that life of a typical Roman soldier has been reconstructed. […]

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