Debate and Law

Understanding Ad Hominem Attacks—A Harmful Logical Fallacy

February 27, 2019

In logical fallacies, ad hominem attacks are personal attacks made against a person rather than their argument. Their character, judgment and personal lives are used against them to disprove their knowledge of an issue. How can you avoid committing or suffering one? […]

Illustration of 2 human heads with tiny people playing tug-o-war on a platform suspend from the head's mouths.
Debate and Law

Using The Toulmin Model to Create Powerful Arguments

April 4, 2017

One of the most widely studied models of argumentation was designed by Dr. Stephen Toulmin, a British philosopher and scholar of formal logic. The beauty of the Toulmin model is its simplicity, yet it reveals that truly mastering argumentation requires a series of high-stake decisions to be made in the moment. […]